The state—then home to about 1.5 million people—had been a major focal point of the U.S. Civil War effort, with famous battles having taken place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, and Atlanta.
Much of the state had been decimated during March to the Sea, an ambitious military campaign in 1864 led by Major General William Tecumseh, who had presided over the destruction of the state's industry, infrastructure and civilian population.
During the reconstruction era, when Confederation states were forced to repeal secession and accept the 13th Amendment of the United States, Georgia was re-admitted to the Union on July 15, 1870.
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